Alampur Jogulamba Temple
Alampur is a small temple village located at about 90 km from Mahabubnagar, 27 km from Kurnool and 200 km from Hyderabad,in Mahbubnagar district of Telangana region of Andhra pradesh India. It was previously known as Halampur and is also the "City of Temples".It is the meeting point of two sacred rivers namely Tungabhadra and Krishna which are also known as Dakshina Kashi (also known as Navabrahmeshwara Theertha)or Sangama Kshetram along with the Srisailam, which is one of the famous Shiva pilgrimage centre. The Holiness of Alampur Temple is well mentioned in the Skanda Puranas. The predominant dieties at Alampur are Brahmeshwara and Jogulamba which are surrounded by Nallamala hills situated on the bank of Tungabhadra river. This article is regarding Jogulamba Devi.
Alampur is historically important as it is listed officially in Archaeological and Architectural Treasure in the "List of Monuments" prepared by the Archaeological Survey of India(ASI) under the The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act,.
Legend Behind the formation of this Temple:
Once there lived a great King called Daksha Prajapati who was the son of Lord Brahma. Sati devi was one among his 27 daughters who got married to Lord Shiva. Daksha conducted a yagna in which he did not invite his daughter(Sati) and his son-in-law(Shiva). When Sati, attended the yagna she was not welcomed nor given importance, instead got insulted by the abuses of her sisters and parents towards her husband(Shiva) which she couldn't tolerate and scarified herself at the place of yagna by creating agni from earth with her right thumb of her foot. Knowing this incident Lord Shiva removed one bunch of Jhatha(hair) from his head and hit it to the earth,there Lord Veerabhadra was born who rushed to the yagna spot and killed Daksha by cutting his head. Later Shiva also went to the spot and took the body of Sati from the fire and started dancing holding her in his arms. The whole world was terrorized from this Tandava Nrithya and to stop this Nrithya, Lord Vishnu used his Sudarshan Chakra and completely cut the Sati's body into pieces. These body parts have fallen at various places in India and Srilanka. Where ever Sati's body parts have fallen the places are known as Shaktipeethas of which 18 such places are called Ashta(8) Dasha (10) Shaktipeethas.
A Statue near Daksha Prajapathi where Shiva holding Sati devi after self immolation
Balabhrameshwara Temple Alampur
The Shrine of Jogulamba Devi Temple:-
It is one of the Ashtadasa Shakthi Peethams (18 holy abodes of Mother Goddess) which is one of the famous Religious places situated in the town of Alampur of Telangana region in the Mahbubnagar district of Andhra Pradesh. The Jogulamba ( Yogamba ) temple is fifth Shakti Peetha where Sati Devi's upper teeth fell, when Lord Shiva was carrying the body of Sati Devi and was wandering throughout Aryavartha in sorrow. There are 51 Shakti Peethas of Goddess origined with her body parts found in particular places.
History of the Temple:
According to mythology the Daksha yagyna and Sati's self immolation is the story behind the origin of Shakti Peethas. The original temple was grounded by Muslim invaders in 1390 A.D.and later the temple was rebuilt including Sankari Devi temple in Sri Lanka, which has been reconstructed after 615 years. It was then that the local people put up a fierce resistance and killed the invaders and moved the main idol to the nearby Balabrahmeswara temple. Since then, the idol had been worshipped in the secluded place in the temple.
This temple was built by Chalukyas of Badami,who were great patrons of architecture and art and had built a number of temples in and around Alampur in the 7th and 8th centuries mainly by the initiative of Pulakesin-II.There are nine temples dedicated to Shiva as Navabrahmeswara and Jogulamba at Alampur out of which eight magnificent temples of Navabrahmeswara survived but the temple of Tarakabrahma could not be found till date. This temple was reconstructed at the same place where it stood in the same way as it was described in the 'Rasaratnakaram' of Nityanatha Sidha of 12th century AD. Sri Adi Shankaracharya was the one who installed `Sri Chakra' at Jogulamba temple, which is not available now. The Endowments Department took initiative to raise funds for reconstruction of the temple. The temples across the country donated money for the temple while Srisailam Devasthanam has adopted it to ensure uninterrupted rituals.
The word "Jogulamba" is derived from "Joginula Amma" (Mother of Joginis) and the word has different meanings like:
Jogini or Yogini or Jogulamba :- a female person, who has given up all the earthly attachments.
Yogulamba or Yogamba :- a female dancer, whose life is dedicated to God.
The idol of the goddess in the temple can be seen in a sitting posture having abundant hair on which is seen a lizard, scorpion, bat and human skull. Besides this main idol of the temple are seen Saptamatrikas (group of Hindu goddesses), Ganapathi and Veerabhadra.The original idols of Chandi and Mundi have been left by the army of Bala Brahmeshwara Swamy Temple on the other side. The Jogulamba Temple is considered the primary Shaktipeeth, where the upper teeth of Sati fell.
Alampur Jogulamba Devi
Siginificance of Jogulamba Temple:
The Goddess is well known as "Gruha Chandi" (the protector of our homes) as the Idols hair is seen with a lizard, scorpion, bat and human skull,which are the indications of evil and signs of deterioration of a house.
1)Lizard is the primary indication that a house is starting to lose its life(jeeva kala) as their number starts increasing resulting in the welcoming of scorpions which is even worse.
2)In the same way,the entrance of bats into the houses results in death of humans living in that house.
Hence,People of Alampur believe that Jogulamba protects them and their houses from all kinds of evils and also worship her to be freed from Vastu Doshas (faults in constructions). The temple attracts a large number of pilgrims from various parts of the country on major festivals like Dusshera and Maha Shivaratri which are celebrated with great spirit.
Once upon a time there was a Giant Shiva Linga present inside the mosque till 1970's, which people were allowed to see. Today,as the temples are renovaated and got modern structures in and around the temples,some of the ancient structures like these are not known what happened to them at the mosque as it was renovated by dargah committee during 1990's.
Giant Shiva Linga in Alampur Jogulamba Temple
The temple has a Yagnasala where Yagnas are performed, a rest house and a pond in its premises. The temples large portion of land, is built magnificently with several carvings on the black stone and flooring with marble stone.The sculptures are beautifully decorated with floral and geometrical designs which tells a story from the Hindu mythology. In the picture below, you can see a half man-half woman figure in the entrance of the temple. There is also a snake god carving (which was lying out on the street) which is supposed to have been to Paris and back for an art exhibition. There’s a small museum too with a small collection of stone sculptures.
Half man half women in the Entrance of the Temple
Alampur Jogulamba Temple Pillars Architecture
Snake God Stone carving in Alampur now in Museum
Bowl carved out of Black Granite in Temple served with food
Aadi Shankaracharya’s Stotram on Goddess:-
Lankayam Shankari devi, Kamakshi Kanchika pure /
Pradyumne Shrinkhala devi, Chamunda Krouncha pattane //
Alampure Jogulamba, Sri shaile Bhramarambika /
Kolha pure Maha lakshmi, Mahurye Ekaveerika //
Ujjainyam Maha kali, Peethikayam Puruhutika /
Odhyane Girija devi, Manikya Daksha vatike //
Hari kshetre Kama rupi, Prayage Madhaveshwari /
Jwalayam Vishnavi devi, Gaya Mangalya gourika //
Varanasyam Vishalakshi, Kashmire tu Saraswati /
Ashtadasha Shakti peethani, Yoginamapi durlabham //
Sayamkale pathennityam, Sarva shatru vinashanam /
Sarva roga haram divyam, Sarva sampatkaram shubham //
Goddess Shankari in Sri lanka, Kamakshi in Kanchipuram,
Goddess Shrinkhala in Pradyumna and Chamunda in Mysore
Goddess Jogulamba in Alampur, Goddess Brhamarabika in Sri Shailam,
Goddess Maha Lakshmi in Kolhapur and Goddess Eka veera in Mahur
Goddess Maha Kali in Ujjain Purhuthika in Peethika,
Goddess Girija in Odhyana and goddess Manikya in the house of Daksha,
Goddess Kama rupi in the temple of Vishnu, Goddess Madhevaswari in Allahabad,
The flame giving Goddess in Jwala muki and Mangala Gouri in Gaya.
Goddess Visalakshi in Varanasi, Goddess Saraswathi in Kashmir,
Are the 18 houses of Shakthi, which are rare even to devas.
When read in the evening,demolishes the shatrus,
Cures all types of diseases,and all is well in the life.
Among all the Shakti Peethas, the Kamkhya, Gaya and Ujjain are the most sacred which symbolize the three most important aspects of mother Goddess as in the form of Creation (Kamarupa Devi), Nourishment (Sarvamangala Devi/Mangalagauri) and Annihilation (Mahakali Devi). All these lie in a perfect straight line from Kamakhya to Ujjain via Gaya symbolizing that every creation in this universe will annihilate one day without fail. Along with Kanchi Kamakshi, Madurai Meenakshi, and Kashi Vishalakshi we are having the most potent Shat Shakthi Peethams.
On account of Basant panchami one can have the Nijarupa Darshan of the Jogulamba Devi at Alampur.
Must visit Temples near Alampur are:
There are 9 Nava Brahma Temples dedicated to Lord Shiva of which only Bala Brahma temple is completely opened for the visitors. The various Alampur Navabramha Temples Include:
1. Taraka Brahma Temple
2. Swarga Bramha Temple
3. Padma Brahma Temple
4. Bala Brahma Temple
5. Vishwa Brahma Temple
6. Garuda Brahma Temple
7. Kumara Brahma Temple
8. Arka Brahma Temple
9. Vira Brahma Temple
Best Time to Vist:
Most of the pilgrims visit Jogulamba Temple in the month of February and March. This temple can be visited at the time of Krishna Pushkaralu which is held every 12 years, as it lies on the bank of Tungabhadra and Krishna Rivers which are meant sacred to bath and get rid of their sins and attain spirituality.
Other Tourist Places:
2. Mahanandi Temple
4. Kurnool Shirdi Sai Baba Temple
How to Reach:
By Road: NH7 Highway close to village get Buses/Taxi or Auto from Alampur Cross roads(15km).
By Train: Kurnool Railway Station (27.5 km
By Air: Rajiv Gandhi International Airport (202 km)
Image Courtesy: shakthipeethas.org,18shakthipeethasofdevi.blogspot.com,templepurohit.com,en.wikipedia.