Today's modernization and technology have over shadowed the ruins of ancient heritage sites in some parts of the world. Egypt is famous for its decayed temples, chapels, pylons and buildings. Temple of Karnak or Karnak Temple Complex is one such neglected structures of Egypt's after the Giza Pyramids, which is visited more than any other historical site in the world, and stands to be the largest ancient religious preservation in the world. It is located in Thebes (now Luxor) towards east on the banks of Nile River and South of Cairo, famously known as the "World's Greatest Open Air Museum" standing right in the middle of the bustling, modern city.
Entrance of Karnak Temple Egypt
Karnak is a complex in Egypt where ancient ruined temples are located which helps to grow the economy of Luxor City. It being an ancient temple thus attracts visitors from all over the world.
History of this Temple:
The Temple of Karnak belongs to the era of Pharoah Ramses II, from around 1391-1351 BC., which is around 4000 years old housed in 200 acres land, so huge that the size of other ancient cities fails in its comparison. In fact, the whole complex can house equal to ten European cathedrals. The Temple of Karnak is best known as the dwelling place of Ancient Gods of Egypt's. Being a pilgrimaged site it is tagged as the "Mother of all religious buildings". In the most recent times, tourists comprise most of the pilgrims held in the Karnak Temple.
Ancient Temple of Karnak Egypt
Significance of this Temple:
This Temple complex of Egypt is of great significance as it displays the history of this area through scenes and sculptures which are displayed in the complex.
History depicting Statues inside Karnak Temple
Deity of Karnak Temple:
There are four main temples in the complex, Amun-Ra is the main deity in the Karnak Temple who belongs large area in the temple complex, the ultimate god of ancient Egypt hailed as "The God of Kings and King of Gods". Another deity is Amun-Ra’s wife, Mut the Goddess - Amun Re, who equally hailed during the ancient times and owns a large space, the south of the Karnak Temple is dedicated to her and people of Egypt worship her as god Amun-Re along with their son Khonsu, the God of the moon. The main sanctuary is known as Hypostyle Hall or "Ipet-Sun" which means "The most selected place". This temple also houses a lake near Mut.
Lake in Temple of Karnak Egypt
Salient Features of Temple Complex:
The size, complexity and diversity of the Temple of Karnak can be attributed to some factors. For one, the length of the time of construction of the complex is extremely long—from the Middle Kingdom up to Ptolemaic times. Further, the construction and use of the complex was participated by over thirty pharaohs, and their varied influences, tastes, and preferences made the Karnak Temple’s features and character overwhelming.
The hall in the temple is spread in an area of 50,000 sq. meters and comprises of 16-row massive columns. Among these 122 columns are 10 meters tall while the other 12 are 21 meters high. All 134 columns are topped with 70-tons architraves who are believed to been lifted using levers.
A precinct for the falcon-headed God of War Montu is also part of the complex. In every turn and corner, there are precincts characterized by unfinished pillars indicating how the Temple of Karnak could have been finished. Like in India all the Egyptian temples have a sacred lake, and the lake of the Karnak Temple is one of the biggest among them.
Temple Complex of Karnak Luxor Egypt
Map of Karnak Temple Complex with Crescent Lake of Mut
How to Reach:
By Air: There are vast types of airlines who provide service to reach Egypt. Few of them are Air India, Indian Airlines, Jet Airways, Vistara, SpiceJet, Go Air, Indigo, Costas, Pegasus, Air Asia and All International Airlines.
The other mode of transportation for exploring Egypt is by their own vehicle or hiring any bus or cabs.
Image Courtesy: https://en.wikipedia.org,