Durga Parameshwari Temple is a small shrine of Goddess Durga in Dakshina Kannada District known as Devi Bramaraambigai located at Kateel, around 25 kms from Mangalore City, Karnataka, India. This holy shrine is situated in the middle of sacred River Nandini, which originated around 8 miles away, and splits into two parts near the temple & rejoins on the other side of the temple. The word 'Kati' means 'center' (between the 'Kanakagiri', birthplace of river Nandini and the end) and 'lla' means 'area'. Thus this place is called 'Kati + lla' = Kateel.
Main Entrance of Durga Parmeshwari Temple Kateel Karnataka
Legend of this Temple:
Once upon a time a rishi named Jabali planned to conduct a yagna for the prosperity of the world suffering from acute famine. He requested Lord Indra to send the Kamadhenu (the sacred cow which could give anything that one asked) to provide all the materials for the Yagna. When Kaamadhenu was not available, Lord Indra offered to send His daughter Nandini for the services. Nandini assumed the earth an evil place & refused to go there. Upon hearing this the angered rishi cursed Her to be born on earth. Nandini prayed to the Goddess to redeem her from this curse. She asked Nandini to appear on earth as a river retaining her purity & purifying others. Hence emerged the Nandini River from Kanakagiri on the day of 'Magha Shudda Purnima'. When Jabali rishi performed his yagna all the gods were pleased and the earth was once again green.
Nandini River at Durga Parameshwari Temple Kateel Karnataka
Another legend says, once an Asura named Arunaasura who had fled the battlefield during the war between Devi, Shumba and Nishumba, had become powerful due to his penance & recital of Gayathri mantram. He had got the boon that he will not be killed by any devas, danavas, men or women, animals, birds, any other living creature on land or water, or any weapon. He was destroying peace on earth. On the request of Sriman Narayan (Lord Vishnu), the Goddess came to earth in the form of a beautiful maiden. Arunaasura mad of her beauty followed her eagerly. She suddenly vanished behind a rock in the middle of the Nandini river. The enraged Arunaasura struck the rock, splitting it and it was then that the Devi appeared as a bee, killed Arunaasura & destroyed his army. To please the Goddess, all the devotees, Devas & Jabali rishi performed abhishekam to the Devi so that She comes back in her soumya rupam.
Deity in the Temple:
The Goddess main sannidhi is beyond the Dwajasthambha mandapam, where She is seen in a seated posture with her four arms. In Her upper arms she holds the Changu & Chakram (conch & discuss) and Her lower two hands show the Abhaya & Varadha mudras. The flag staff on gopuram is seen covered with silver plating. As this Goddess killed the asura Arunaasuran in the form of a "Bee" (bramaram), she is known by the name 'Bramaraambigai'. After defeating the Asura She is also known as 'Arunaasuramardhini'. Since the Devi is seated in the middle (kateel) of the Nandini river, this place got its name as Kateel.
Goddess Durga Parmeshwari Temple Kateel Karnataka
There are shrines for other deities in the temple - Rakteshwari (a swayambu rock), Maha Ganapathi, Lord Ayappa, Kshetrapalas, Nagas, and Brahma's shrine.
Offerings to the Deity:
Kumkum, Chandan & Betelnut flowers are offered as prasadam to this deity. This Goddess is very fond of music and dance. There is a Yakshagana troupe, inside the temple which organises cultural activities illustrating the miracles of the Goddess Durga Parameshwari.
The ritual of Tender coconut water abhishekam is still performed till date to please the Goddess.
Yakshagana artist at Durga Parameshwari Temple Kateel Karnataka
Celebration of Festivals:
Annual Festival: It is celebrated for 8 days in a unique feature each day and comes in the month of April.Laksha Deepotsavam: It is celebrated on the day of Kartika Bahula Panchami and is known as Festival of Lights.
Other fairs and festivals which are celebrated at Kateel Durga Parameshwari Temple are Navarathri Pooja, Astabhandha, Vasanthotsava, Brahmakalashotsava, Simha Sankramana and Nagamandala.
Lightened Durga Parmeshwari Temple Kateel Karnataka During Festivals
Facilities to Devotees:
Every day free meals are organised for the devotees visiting this temple.
For Accommodation the temple guest houses are available.
This temple is open from 4:00 AM to 10:00 PM
How to Reach: Kateel is 29 kms away from Mangalore, 49 kms from Udipi, 75 kms from Dharmasthala, 22 kms from Moodbidri, 8 kms from Nellitheertha Cave Temple and 14 kms from Bappanadu.
By Road:Kateel is well connected by roads. There are number of government or private buses to reach this temple.
By Train:Mangalore Central Railway Station is the nearest one to reach Kateel. The other is Surathkal Railway Station from where one can take even bus to reach this temple.
By Air:Mangalore Airport is the nearest one to Kateel.
Image Courtesy: www.mangaluruonline.in, www.panaramio.com