Galtaji Monkey Temple Jaipur Rajasthan
the "Pink City of India"
, came to known by Jai Singh II, the Raja of Amer,
who founded it in 1726 and ruled it for a period of 1688-1758. He established his kingdom here and started construction of the city in 1726, which took him 4 years to complete the major roads, offices and palaces in Jaipur. He took guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya
, who was an architect, used the principles of Vastu shastra and Shilpa Shastra in the formation of this city.
The Pink City of India - Jaipur Rajasthan
is an Ancient Hindu Pilgrimage Site
mostly known for "The Monkey Temple"
or The Ramgopalji Temple"
, located in the town of Khania-Balaji, 10km away from Jaipur, of Rajasthan, India. This historical site is full of temples which are built into a narrow crevice in the ring of hills surrounding Jaipur. This temple is also known as "Galwar Bagh"
or "Galtaji Temple"
. During 16th century this place had been a retreat for Hindu ascetics who belonged to Vaishnavites Ramanandi sect
. The main deities
of the temple include the 'Sun God'
and 'Lord Hanuman'.
Galtaji Monkey Temple Jaipur Rajasthan
Shrine of Hanuman in Galtaji Temple Rajasthan
The Sun temple is one of the jewels of Jaipur, dedicated to "Sun God" (the Sun God in Hinduism ) built on top of the hills known as Galtaji Temple. This temple is a Pre-historic Hindu pilgrimage site, which contains "Natural Fresh Water Springs" and "7 Holy Kunds" (water tanks). The spring originated on top of the hill, flows downward, fills these sacred kunds (water tanks) in which pilgrims bathe to get rid of their sins. The 'Galta Kund' is the holiest one among all these kunds, and is believed to never get dry. The water of this spring is very pure and flows from the 'Gaumukh' (a rock shaped like a cow's head) into these tanks. History says that a Saint named 'Galav' lived here, practiced meditation, and did penance (Tapasya).
The Sun Temple in Galtaji Jaipur Rajasthan
Galtaji Monkey Temple or Khania Balaji Jaipur Rajasthan
History of this Temple:
The "Galtaji Temple"
is located on 'Aravalli Hills' surrounded by dense trees and bushes, where one would lost in its scenic beauty. This temple was built by "Diwan Rao Kriparam" in the 18th century, an attendant to Sawai Jai Singh II
. This temple complex is set around a natural spring and waterfalls creating two tiered pools, the upper and the lower, mainly used for bathing by pilgrims to wash off their sins.
Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II-Founder of Jaipur
Inside of Galtaji Temple on Aravalli Hills
Recently, this temple also got recognition as it was featured on National Geographic's multi-award winning series- "Monkey Thieves" and "Thar Desert - Sacred Sand" episode of Wildest India Series, due to the presence of different tribes of monkeys and thus also known as 'Galtaji Monkey Temple'.
Legend says that, once there used to live a Saint named 'Galav', who spent all his life doing penance (Tapasya) here for about 100 years. Happy and pleased with his penance, Gods appeared infront of Him, blessed Him and this place where he worshiped with abundant water (the sacred Ganga river flown to Galtaji from the Gaumukh-cows head). Thus, a temple was built in his honour known as "Galtaji Temple".
Pilgrims heading to Top Kunds at Galtaji Temple
Holy Kunds at Galtaji Temple Rajasthan
View of Lower Kund from top in Galtaji Temple
This temple is also known as "Galtaji Monkey Temple" as it is home to different tribes of monkeys that are present in this area justifying the name of the temple in its true sense. One should be careful with children and the eatables while visiting the temple. There is an awsome statue of Monkey in the temple premises. The temples back-drop is its gorgeous landscape which features lush green vegetation, and provides fascinating view of entire Jaipur city from the top. Upon visiting the temple one would certainly lost in the religious hymns and chants, which provide a peaceful ambience to the visitor and perfect for meditation.
Different Tribes of Monkeys inside Galtaji Temple
Significance of this Temple:
It is believed that taking bathe in these natural fresh water springs (7 holy kunds) of Galtaji Temple is very auspicious, cleanses and relieves one from his/her evil sins.
Pilgrims having Holy Bathe in Kunds of Galtaji Temple
Architectural Delight of this Temple:
This magnificient temple was built amidst Aravalli hills, by Diwan Rao Kriparam in the 18th century, an attendant to Sawai Jai Singh II, who used pink sandstone, for its construction, which looks more like a palace or haveli, rather than a traditional hindu temple.
Inside the temple, its awesome buildings are ornamented by painted walls, adorned by rounded roofs and pillars. Apart from the sacred kunds, there are other shrines situated within the temple complex dedicated to Lord Rama, Lord Krishna and Lord Hanuman.
Beautiful Paintings inside Galtaji Monkey Temple
Beautiful Paintings on Walls of Galtaji Monkey Temple
It is open from Sunrise to Sunset, on all week days.
6:00AM – 10:30AM; 4:00PM – 6:30PM
Best Time To Visit:
A large crowd of visitors come here every year during Mid-January, at the time of 'Makar Sankranti Festival', to take a holy dip in the holy kunds of Galtaji. The best time to visit this gracious temple is at the time of Sunset, when a large family of monkeys start flocking towards the temple tank, to have a bath. This temple can be visited from sunrise to sunset.
Nearby Tourist Attractions:
The other shrines situated near to the Galtaji Temple are: Krishna Temple, Surya Temple, Balaji Temple and the Sita Ram Temple. The Sisodia Rani Ka Bagh, is another tourist attraction near to this temple, which is a very magnificent palace and garden.
Outside Suraj Galta Pol,
Near Agra Road, Jaipur-302003,
How to Reach:
Galtaji temple is located at a distance of 10 km from Jaipur city. Jaipur is well connected with road, rail and air. Jaipur is just 268 kms from Delhi.
By Road: The public transport in the city is the best transport to reach this place. The RSRTC operates bus service to major cities in Rajasthan, New Delhi, Punjab, Gujarat, Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. The major bus depots are located at Sanganer, Vaishali Nagar and Vidyadhar Nagar.
By Train: The nearest railway station is at Merta Road Jn Railway Station, it is accissible to visitors only at 5 mins drive from the station. Jaipur is well connected with the Railway lines from all the major cities of India like Delhi, Lucknow, Ahmedabad, Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, Bengaluru and Hyderabad. The other railway stations near to temple are Gandhinagar Jpr Railway Station (5.3 km, drive around 16 mins), Ramganj Mandi Railway Station (4.6 km, drive around 16 mins), Sanganer, Durgapura, Jagatpura and Ninad Benad.
By Air: The Jaipur International Airport is the nearest airport at Sanganer, in Jaipur at a distance of 16.4 km and the drive would be 31 mins from the airport. At the time of winter, all the flights towards Indira Gandhi International Airport are diverted to Jaipur Airport due to heavy fog in Delhi.
Image Courtesy: www.tripadvisor.it, myjourneysinindia.blogspot.in, www.jaipurmagazine.com