Krishna Pushkaralu

Krishna Pushkaralu for a period of 12 days

Krishna Pushkaralu is most important festival of Hindus and is known as the festival of the river Krishna. The main significance of this Krishna Pushkaralu is that it occurs once in every 12 years which is observed for a period of 12 days from the time of entry of Jupiter into Virgo, in other words called as Pushakaram. Pushkaram has been an age old practice in Andhra, especially in Amaravathi, Vijayawada, Avanigadda and Diviseema. People of all walks of life, irrespective of caste, color, creed and religion participate in these functions which last for 12 days. The last time festival was held in August 2004 and which drew over 30 million pilgrims and tourists during the 12-day festival in 2004. The river Krishna took its birth at Near Mahabaleswar, Jor village, Satara district which is located in Maharashtra state. Krishna river flows along the various regions of Maharashtra, Karnataka, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh and finally flows into the Bay of Bengal at Hamasaladeevi in Andhra Pradesh.

Krishna Pushkaralu 2016 Logo

Krishna Pushkaralu 2016 Logo

The Krishna River is the fourth biggest river in terms of water inflows and river basin area in India which is approximately 1300 kms. Vijayawada is the main center of the festival as most of the Krishna River is connected with it. A large number of devotees gather here to have a dip in the Krishna River which is considered sacred by the Hindus. One of the special attractions of Vijayawada is the Kanaka Durga Temple which is a famous Hindu Temple of Goddess Durga located on the Indrakeeladri hill, on the banks of Krishna River.This Krishna river is also called as Krishnaveni. Various pujas and rituals are performed on these 12 days. There is a strong belief that whoever visits the Krishna Pushkaram must take a holy dip in the river Krishna which improves their Physical and mental abilities.We can get the benefit of Pushkar snan in any of the catchment area of the Krishna river where it is flowing and one must leave the superstition that it is auspicious to take bath on the first day itself, as pushkarudu enters on the fisrt day of Pushkaralu and that time is very auspicious.Despite the ample 12 days, they can bath on any of these 12 days, anywhere in any region of Pushkar ghat and the benefit of Pushkar snan will be ultimately attained by the devotee.

 

Krishna Pushkaralu near Vijaywada Bridge on Krishna River

Krishna Pushkaralu of Krishna River near Vijayawada Bridge

The banks that come across the Krishna River are called as Pushkara Ghats. Both AP and Telangana governments have reportedly focussed on the arrangements of the same. Guntur, Krishna,Prakasham ,Karnool,Nalgonda, Khammam and Mahboobnagar are the places which are likely to witness the festive look. Among all of those Vijayawada of Krishna district is the main place where celebrations are madefor the Pushkaralu. The banks that comne across the Krishna river are called as Pushkar Ghats.

The below list depicts the different bathing ghats and the location that a pilgrim can visit in Vijayawada:

Ghats / Nearest Bus Stop

Durga Ghat - Durga Temple, Ravi Chettu Centre
Pushkar Ghat - VMC Office, PNBS
Padmavathi Ghat - PNBS
Metla Bazar - Bandar Locks
Sithanagaram Ghat - PNBS, Sithanagaram
Punnami Ghat - Hotel Punnami, Kummaripalem Centre
Shiva Kshetram - Mandadam Centre

Devotees at Pushkar Ghats

Devotees at Pushkar Ghats of Krishna River in Vijayawada

To overcome the crowd at Pushkar Ghats AP Government has taken initiative steps to form new ghats to avoid the accidents and disaster happened last year in Godavari Pushkaralu.Other than Viyawada the Pushkar Ghats are available near Tenali,Guntur surroundings places like Vallabhapuram,Gajullanka,Chilumuru etc.,are the catchment area of the Krishna river.The Guntur district administration has geared for forming new ghats at religious places of Satrasala, Penumudi, Daida, Tangeda, Govindapuram, old Amarawati and Vijayapuri South.The one who attends pushkaralu in Penumudi, they can visit Mopidevi,Shri Subramaniyan Swamy,Srikakulam Andhra Maha Vishnu,Forest Island, Mortota, Hansala Island,like many historic shrines which are next to it.These all are in the catchment area of the Krishna River.Which is also called as the Sangama Khestram, which is Absolutely Pure!

Preparations of Krishna Pushkaralu: 

The Krishna Pushkaralu in Telangana state is getting ready on a large scale for the first time. The Maha Pushkaralu starting from August 12th 2016, also called as 'Maha Kumbhamela' comes once in every 144 years. Several ghats have been developed in Telangana region on the banks of Godavari River for the devotees to take a holy dip and perform rituals for ancestors Immerse in the holy waters of river Krishna.

In Telangana, following areas have been developed to receive visitors for the Krishna Pushkaralu 2016:

Ghats in Mahboobnagar District: Beechupalli, Rangapur, Alampur, Nadi Agraharam, Chintarevula, Nandimalla (Narayanpet), Krishna, Pasupula and Panchadev Padu (Maktal), Chellepad (Weepanagandla), Jataprole (Weepanagandla), Somasila (Kollapur), Malleswaram, Manchalakatta and Lingala.

Ghats in Nalgonda District: Wadapally in Damaracharla mandal, Mattapally in Mattampally mandal and Nagarjunasagar in Peddavura mandal, Mellacheruvu mandal, Utlapally in Peddavura mandal, Adavidevulapally in Damaracharla, Mahankaligudem in Nereducharla are locations for Pushkaram.

Ghats In Kurnool District: Patala Ganga (Srisailam), Sangameswaram

Ghats in Karnataka: Chikodi (Bagalkot), Raichur (Krishna Taluk)

Around 52 number of Ghats in Mahbubnagar along with Nalgonda and other districts of Telangana state are being constructed as a part of Krishna Pushkaralu 2016 celebrations. 

Telangana Krishna Pushkaralu Ghats

Telangana Krishna Pushkaralu Ghats

"Before attending the Pushkaram or Pushkaralu one must know What is Pushkaram?"

Pushkaram is an Indian festival dedicated to worshiping of rivers. It means that nourishment of the one who performs it. The Pushkaram is also called as Pushkar or Pushkaralu.

It is celebrated at shrines along the banks of 12 major sacred rivers in India, in the form of ancestor worship, spiritual discourses, devotional music and cultural programmes. The celebration happens annually, once in 12 years along each river. Each river is associated with a zodiac sign, and the river for each year's festival is based on which sign Jupiter is in at the time. Due to regional variations, some of the zodiac signs are associated with multiple rivers.

The devotees engage in activities such as snana (bath in the river), danam (charity), japam (recitation of mantras), archana and dhyanam (meditation).The first twelve days are known as "Adi Pushkaram", and the last twelve days are called "Anthya Pushkaram". It is believed that during the above period of twenty-four days, "Pushkar" the person, who is imbued with the power to make any river holy, will travel with Jupiter as Jupiter moves from one Zodiac house to another.

In Andhra Pradesh(Telugu speaking state): Pushkaram is celebrated across Godavari, Krishna, Pranhita and Penna rivers.

In Tamil Nadu(Tamil speaking state) : Pushkaram is celebrated in Tamraparni River when Jupiter is in Scorpio in four places where it flows from south to north,are Banathirtham, Papanasam, Thirupudaimaruthur and Sinthupoondurai, in accordance with tradition along with the Tamraparni temple at Suthamalli.

There are three types of Pushkaralu celebrated in India mainly known as:
*Kumbh Mela
*Godavari Maha Pushkaram
*Krishna Pushkaram

Legend behind Pushkaralu:

According to a legend mentioned in astrology treatises such as "Jataka Parijata" (1426), a Brahmin was granted a boon from Shiva after severe penance. The boon was that he would be able to live in water and purify the holy rivers. The Brahmin came to be known as Pushkara ("the one who nourishes"). On a request from Brahaspati (Jupiter), he decided to enter one of the 12 sacred rivers when Brahaspati travelled from one zodiac sign to another.

Poojas conducted in Presence of the Person on Ghats:

Mahasankalpam:-Mahasankalpam is appeasing and praying pitru devatas by chanting their names and gotras for removing our birth bad karmas and sins.

Laghusankalpam:-Laghusankalpam is taking a dip in holy river by uttering our names and gotras to get favours from deities in present birth life.

Sariganga Snanam:-Sariganga Snanam is taking bath in holy river during pushkara period for better family life, seeking good children and better relations between wife and husband.

Prayaschittam:-Prayaschittam is a type of confession according to Hindu mythology. It is observed by women to get rid of their sin or known or unknown mistakes if they mate with men during menusration perid.

Gouri Pooja:-Gouri Pooja is conducted by Hindu devotees at holy riverside to please goddess gauri which is also known as kumkumarchana.

Ganga Pooja:-In pushkara period, all rivers waters mix with krishna water, so ganga pooja is conducted to appease all deities at once.

Musivayanam:-Musivayanam is an important and compulsory religious dharma in Hindu community in which a sumangali is respected and offered with gifts when a woman dies and her husband is alive. It is for attaining salvation for that woman.

Pindapradanam:-Pindapradanam is the most important program during pushkara period observed by Hindus to offer pindas to their nearest 34 relatives and family members who are dead. There is a belief that this ritual provides salvation after their death and they can reach to good lokas and get ultimate moksha.

Poojas conducted in Absence of the Person on Ghats:

Gouri Pooja:-Gouri Pooja is conducted by Hindu devotees at holy riverside to please goddess gauri known as kumkumarchana.

Ganga Pooja:-In pushkara period, all rivers waters mix with krishna water, so ganga pooja is conducted to appease all deities at once.

Musivayanam:-Musivayanam is an important and compulsory religious dharma in Hindu community in which a sumangali is respected and offered with gifts when a woman dies and her husband is alive. It is for attaining salvation for that woman.

Pindapradanam:-Pindapradanam is the most important program during pushkara period observed by Hindus to offer pindas to their nearest 34 relatives and family members who are dead. There is a belief that this ritual provides salvation after their death and they can reach to good lokas and get ultimate moksha.

Durga Ghat Vijayawada - Krishna Pushkaralu Ghats:-

Durga Ghat is one of the most famous ghats to visit during the Krishna Pushkaram which is spiritual and religious place where millions of people take holy dip in the river Krishna. Heavy rush is expected as more people prefer to take holy bath during Krishna pushkaralu in Maa Durga Ghat. It is located near to Goddess Durga Devi temple which is a famous and must visit temple during this holy period. One of the best things is Durga Ghat in Vijayawada of Kanaka Durga Temple. This ghat is also maintained by Sri Durga Malleswara Swami Varla Devasthanam, Indrakeeladri, Vijayawada.

Kanaka Durga Temple in Vijayawada on Banks of Krishna River

Kanaka Durga Temple in Vijayawada on Banks of Krishna River

 

Krishna Pushkaralu in Vijayawada near Prakasam Barridge

Durga Ghat of Vijayawada near Kanaka Durga Temple

List of Temples to visit on the banks of Krishna River:

1. Malikarjuna temple in Srisailam
2. Amareshwara Swamy temple in Amarwati
3. Durga-Malleshwar temple in Vijaywada(famously known as Kanaka Durga Temple)
4. Mattaplalli Narashima Swamy Temple in Mattaplalli(Telangana)
5. Lord Shiva & Narasimha Swamy Temple in Vadaplly
6. Sangameshwar temple at Alampur

How to Reach:-

Nearest Bus Stand : Pandit Nehru Bus Stand (PNBS) which is a interstate bus terminal in Vijayawada and the buses from APSRTC all through the state.
Nearest Railway Station: Vijayawada Railway Station,also people travelling from Hyderabad can go to Repalle.
Nearest Airport : Gannavaram(20km)which connects Vijayawada to Hyderabad and Vishakhapatnam.

Image Courtesy: telanganastateinfo.com,thehansindia.com,krishnapushkaram2016.net,wireinput.com,en.wikipedia.org
 

Address

  • Krishna Pushkaralu
    Prakasam Barridge

    Vijayawada, Andhra Pradesh - 520001
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