Rama Janaki Temple in Janakpur Nepal
Rama Janaki Temple
is an ancient Hindu temple located at the heart of Janakpur
, around 123 km to south-east of Kathmandu and is the capital of Dhanusa District
, India. This city is the birthplace of the Hindu Mythology Goddess Sita
, consort of Lord Rama and is the site where she got married to Him
. The "Janaki Temple in Janakpur"
was built in AD 1911
in honor of this Hindu Goddess Sita, who is also known as Siya, Vaidehi, Janaki, Maithili, or Bhoomija in the Epic-Ramayana.
This Janaki temple is also known as "Nau Lakha Temple"
due to contribution of funds around nine lakhs rupees in its construction, built with stone and marble fully white in colour like a palace. This place is one of the holiest places of Hindu pilgrims along with cultural tourism in Nepal, founded in early 18th century, named after the King Janaka
, then called as 'Janakpurdham'.
Rama Janaki Temple Janakpur Nepal
"Sita is esteemed as a paragon of spousal and feminine virtues for all Hindu women and well known for her dedication, self-sacrifice, courage and purity."
Entrance gate of Janaki Temple Janakpur Nepal
History of Janaki Temple:
The Janaki Temple
was bulid in AD 1911
, by Queen Brisabhanu Kunwari of Tikamgarh
from central india
who provided aid to Gurkha Soldier General Amar Singh Thapa
to build this temple at a cost of rupees 900,000
(ie, nine hundred thousand rupees) as a three-storied temple
, completely built with stone and marble
. Today in local parlance, the temple is thus known as Nau Lakha Mandir
or Temple of Nine Lakh Rupees
. This being a Hindu religious temple is mostly visited by Hindu people from all parts of the country.
Pilgrims Participating in Aarthi Inside Janaki Temple
There are two major birthplaces of Goddess Sita:
One in Janakpur of Nepal known as Ram Janaki Temple
and the other in Bihar as Sithamarhi Temple.
Legend says, in Treta Yuga King Janaka
(Seeradhwaj) performed worship to Shiva-Dhanush
found by King Devaraatha
, the ancestor of King Janaka on this same site during Ramayana period, and ruled this area called Videha
(now Janakpur). According to Hindu Mythology
, King Janaka got Sita when he was ploughing the fields in search of water at this place
, Goddess Sita was born out of a field whom he raised up as his daughter. At the age of 7
upon her mothers instructions while Sita was worshipping Lord Shiva, she came across a holy Dhanush which was kept on a table, in their temple complex
. King Janaka got surprised when Sita lifted the Shiva Dhanush
, at the same time he got to know about her strength, that she is not an ordinary girl. He then decided to organise Swayamwara
(an act of choosing a husband for self) of Sita by calling all the kings from various parts of the country and whoever would lift the dhanush would marry Sita. Many Kings, demons and others participated in this Swayamwara but failed to lift this holy Shiva Dhanush
King Janaka Unearths Baby Sita While Ploughing the Fields
Lord Rama and Goddess Sita in Swayamwar
Origin of Dhanushadham: When Lord Rama, the 7th incarnation of Lord Vishnu strings a bow that originally belonged to Lord Shiva the Destroyer and in the process, the bow breaks into three pieces.
First piece : It flies up to heaven and fell at Dhanushkodi or "end of the bow" (dhanush meaning bow and kodi meaning end) in Rameswaram.
Second piece : It falls down into the depths of the underworld. Today, one can view a huge pond called Dhanush Sagar above this very spot.
Third centre piece : It flies to present day Dhanushadham, about 40 Kms from Janakpur. Upon visiting here, one can see huge rocks taking shape like a bow.
Way To Dhanushadham
Shivadhanush Growing in Rock Like Fromations at Dhanusha
One Third Piece of Shivadhanush Broken by Lord Rama at Dhanusha Nepal
Thus, after Rama's successful act of stringing this bow, Janaka gives Sita's hand to Rama and then Sita got married to Him and became the queen of Ayodha.
A Golden statue of Goddess Sita was found in 1657
, exactly on the place where this temple is stood now and it is believed that Goddess Sita has lived here. The legend says that this temple was built on the holy site
where Sannyasi 'Shurkishordas Nepali'
had found the images or some sculptures of Goddess Sita. Thus, Shurkishordas is said to be the founder of modern Janakpur who was a great saint and poet
who preached about the Sita Upasana
(also called Sita Upanishad
Significance of this Temple:
The religious significance of the Rama Janaki Temple provides for it constant upkeep and maintenance. The monument remains a site for pilgrimage. There are various areas that are potential archeological sites, though these have not been excavated.
Sita Rama Sannidhi At Janakpur Nepal
Architecture of Janaki Temple:
The Janaki Temple is a Hindu pilgrimage site, which stands as one of the best models of Hindu-Rajput Architecture of Nepal, no less than a palace in its appearance, built up of stones and marble in its construction looking fully white consisting of sixty mighty rooms. It is constructed in an area of about 4,860 sq. feet and is 50 meters high. This being a three storied temple is considered as the largest and the most beautiful temple in Nepal. All the sixty rooms contain flags of Nepal, some colorful pictures, historical carvings, colored glass, with beautiful lattice windows, turrets and much more. It depicts a good picture of past or history. Just infront of this temple there is also a small fountain that looks fantastic in night when light falls on it. The wide door (around 30 m high), at the entrance gate while entering into the temple is no more less in its structure that of Taj Mahal. The temple also encloses a huge idol of Goddess Sita inside it, which was found in Ayodha, the kingdom of Lord Rama.
Rajput Style Architecture in Janaki Temple Nepal
Other Shrines in Janaki Temple:
After visiting the main shrine of Janaki temple, now one can find many other small sannidhis or shrines, present around the temple. These Sannadhi houses the idols of King Janaka along with his wife - Sunayane, Sita, Rama, Urmila, Lakshmana and many
One such magnificient sannidhi is present to backside of this temple which consists of Lakhs of Salagrama-silas
(sacred black stones) which were worshipped by King Janaka everyday
. After taking darshan of those Salagramam, even people without bhakthi will also start to pray and have trust in the God. They are very powerful and mainly seen at the houses of Brahmins and Vaishnavaites, who does rituals on daily basis to these Salagramas. They are found in different shapes like Lakshmi-Narayana Salagramam, Vishnu Salagramam, Matsyaavatar Salagramam, Kurmaavatar Salagramam etc.
All these Salagrama-silas are covered by a piece of cloth by the temple priest, which is lifted up when devotees come for their darshan.
Inside of Janaki Temple Janakpur Nepal
Saligramam worshipped by King Janaka
Divine Saligramams in Janaki Temple Janakpur Nepal
The greatness of this place is well explained by the priest of this shrine in the following way- The famous line "Annalum Nokinar" (He saw too), "Avalum Nokinal" (She saw as well)" is in the context of Sri Rama looking up at the balcony of Sita's palace in Mithila and Sita looking at him on the street, when He was in the city with Sage Vishwamitra and brother Lakshmana. Their eyes swallow each other and their hearts merged in feelings.
Celebrations at Janaki Temple:
There are two big festivals celebrated in Janaki Temple are: The Rama Navami
(birthday of Lord Rama in March-April) and the Vivah Panchami
(the wedding festival of Lord Rama to Sita) are celebrated with great fervour.
Every year, thousands of pilgrims from far of places like Nepal, Bangladesh, India, Sri Lanka and other countries visit Rama Janaki Temple to worship Lord Rama and Goddess Sita, on the day of Vivah Panchami during November and December to celebrate the marriage anniversary ceremony of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita. This occasion is organised in a near by temple called as Vivah Mandap, which is on the same site where the real marriage of Lord Rama to Goddess Sita took place. Every year on this particular day, the statues of Lord Rama and Goddess Sita gets married again. The whole temple is decorated like a wedding hall on this day. Several Oil lamps are lit to decor this temple and other monuments of this area on whole day. The other festivals celebrated include Deepawali (the festival of lights, celebrated in November), Dashain, Holi (the festival of colors), and Chhath.
Vivaha Mandapam Where Lord Rama and Sita Got Married
Pilgrims at Janaki Temple During Vivah Panchami Festival
The other festival celebrated with great zeal are Janaki Navami on Vaishaka Shukla Navami
(during May), along with Shivarathri, Holi, Kali Puja
and Durga Puja
in this temple, as Navaratri celebrations in Ashwija Masam
(Sep- Oct month) and in April.
Other Nearby Attractions at Janakpur:
Most attractive places to see in Janakpur are Rama Janaki Temple, Biwah Mandap, Lal Sagar and Danush Sagar.
All Days of the Week: Opened 6.00 AM and Closed 8.00 PM.
How to Reach: For the ease of the pilgrims there are Small guest houses and several Hotels available for accomodation near this temple.
By Road: The local transport like taxi, bus are the best means of transport to reach the Janaki temple. There are plenty of buses from Darbhanga. Janakpur is 123 km away from Kathmandu.
By Train: The trains are also well connected to this place. Janakpur station is the nearest one to reach this temple.
By Air: The nearest airport is from Patna.
Image Courtesy Izk.me, shrisanatandharam.com, www.divinebrahmanda.com, http://royalmt.com.np, bhaktianandascollectedworks.wordpress.com