is one of the Eight Viraattanams shrines dedicated to Lord Shiva
(His Avatharams) and located in between Sirkali and Karaikal
while coming via ECR and 20kms away from Mayiladuthurai
and inbetween of Chidambaram and Kumbakonam region, Tamilnadu, India. The Presiding Deity "Amritaghateswarar Swamy"
(Lord Shiva) is famous for giving Markandeya
the boon of immortality. There is a beautiful Shrine for his consort as well known as Goddess Abirami
(This shakthi came out of Lord Maha Vishnu's ornament-necklace). Brahma, Agasthya, Pulasthiya, Durga worshipped the Lord here.
This temple is thus well known as 'Sri Abirami Sameda Amritaghateswarar Temple'
and is a must visit. There is one more temple named T.Manalmedu Sri Markandeyar Temple
(0.5 Km) on the way to Thirukadaiyur
Another legend says, once wife of Mrukundamahamuni sage
was worshipping Lord Shiva for children and got Markandeya as son
. He was born with short age and used to worship Lord Shiva daily doing Abhishekam with Ganga Jal brought from Kashi, Ippinjilam flowers
too use to come with that water. Ippinjilam
is also known as Jathi Malli
(Jasmine that blossoms throughout the year).) This flower should be used only for the God and not be used for human purposes. An archana with a single flower is considered equal to 1008 archanas.
One day when his life period was about to finish, Yamadharmaraja
came to take him by throwing his Yamapasham (death thread) and by seeing that Lord Shiva ordered Him to leave his devotee (Markandeya). Even today the mark of Yamapasham (Yama's Weapon) on the Shiva Linga can be seen during Nijaroopa Darshan of Him
, upon this act Lord Shiva in anger made Yama to underground with his feet. When this happened the people stayed to live longer and the population started growing on this earth. Seeing this Goddess Bhudevi worshipped Lord Shiva and brought back Yama to life again and gave all his powers back who ruled normally.
Thirukadaiyur Shrine Deities worshipped by Markendaya
Significance of this Temple:
This temple was built in 11th century during the reign of Cholas and is under Dharmapuram Aadinam (Mutt). In this temple the deity Amrithakadeshwara Swamy is worshipped in the form of Linga Roopam. The Linga in the temple is self manifested (swayambhu) and temple is situated west facing. There is a seperate idol of Lord Shiva as Kalasamhara in the temple premises.
This temple deities are sung by the three famous Tamil Trinities i.e, Appar, Sundar and Thirugnanasambandanar.
This temple is of great significance as Lord Shiva blessed Markandeya with immortality and bestowed him with the boon of Ever Sixteen Age (16) by saving his life from Yama by killing God Yaksha (Yaman). On the day of Nijaroopa Darshanam, One can also see the marks of death rope (Yamapasam) on the Shiva Lingam which appeared when Yama tried to kill Markendaya and Shiva rescued Him. Lord Shiva also bestowed Yama with the Absolution for the sake of the Goddess Bhumidevi.
This temple is thus also famous as "A Holy place for Shashtipoorthy Shanthi" for 60th/ 70th/ 80th birthday celebrations of senior most couple of the family by conducting their marriage again infront of the deity and perform poojas for longevity of life.
This temple has two holy trees named Pinchilam (2000 Years Old Tree) and Bael tree (Vilvam tree).
The famous Abirami Batter, an ardent devotee of Goddess Abirami, has sung Pathigam and Andhadhi on the first God Kalavaranam.
This is the same place where Gungiliya Naayanar and Kaari Naayanar, two out of the 63 Naayanmars, had rendered their services to seek the blessings of the Lord.
Dwajasthambham infront of Inner Gopuram
Shiva rescuing Markendeya from Yama
Types of Poojas:
The Thirukadaiyur temple conducts several Poojas and Homams for the well-being of people. People mostly come here to celebrate Ugra Ratha Shanthi (starting of 60 years), Shastipoorthi (60 years completing), Bheema Ratha Shanthi (70th Birthday), Vijaya Ratha Shanthi (75th birthday) and Sadabishegam (80th Birthday) on their star birthday of their family members.
Shashtipoorthy pooja of Senior Citizen in Thirukadaiyur Temple
Senior Citizens taking Blessings of Ganjendra in the Shrine
The other important poojas-
Ayusha Homam prefered for Children to remove the future Astrolgical difficulties arising from Navagrahas.
Maha Mrutyanjaya Homam is prefered by one who is suffering from serious disease like suffering from cardiac problem for relief.
Some Devotees also offer children in adoption so that they get child in turn. Some Devotees offer Rudrabhishekam for children and Shankabhishekam for remedy from illnesses.
People roll around the temple as a prayer commitment (Angapradhikshanam).
Those who want to get married offer garlands called Kalyanamalai.
Celebrations at the Temple:
Mahashivarathri is the festival which is celebrated with great enthusiasam in the temple. During the month of Karthigai (Viruchiga Month) in Tamil Calendar, the Priests performs "Shankha-Abhishekam" on each and every Monday (Somavarams) with 1008 Shanka to the Deities to seek the blessings for the welfare of the people.
The "Yama-Samharam" is an annual festival which temple celebrates in the first month of Chithirai (Mesha Month) during Magam Star in the Tamil Calendar. On this day Lord Shiva killed Yama, in order to save the life of his ardent devotee Markandeya.
This temple is open from 6:00AM-12:00PM in the morning and 4:00PM-9:30PM in the evening.
How to Reach:
By Road: The road transport by own vehicle is the best means of transport to reach Thirukadaiyur temple. There are regular buses to Thirukadaiyur City from other major cities of the country. The temple is 15km away from Kariakal, and one can hire bus from here.
By Train: There is no railway station at Thirukadaiyur. The nearest railway station to reach this place is at Karaikal. One can even get down at Mayiladuthurai station while travelling from Trichy. The pilgrims also get down at Nagore.
By Air: There are no regular flights to Thirukadaiyur from other major cities of the country. The nearest airport is Pondicherry Airport and other is the Tiruchirapalli Airport (145km).
Thirukadaiyur-60Th Marriage And Birthday,Shastipoorthi,Thirukadaiyur Kalayanam Thirukadaiyur
Postal Code: 600094
New No. 12A, Old No. 16/2, Sakthi Nagar 1st, Choolaimadu,, Abith Nagar, Thiruvalluvar Puram, Choolaimedu, Chennai, Tamil Nadu 600094, India
Phone: 099406 33341